Speech Therapy for Children
January 13, 2017
Brainstem Evoked Response Auditory (BERA)
The BERA is suitable for infants, children under five, and adults who are less cooperative in taking a hearing test. The test is conducted with the patient asleep. The BERA measures the level of activity or response of hearing nerves to the stimuli of sound by placing electrodes over the skin (forehead, vertex of the head, and mastoid prominence). BERA is extremely useful because it produces highly objective results through a relatively simple and non-intrusive procedure. This test can also assess the hearing function in infants or children who are less sensitive to sound. Additionally, BERA can detect the source of hearing problem, whether in between the cochlea and the retrochoclear; evaluate the brainstem; and determine whether hearing loss is caused by psychological or physical factors. The BERA test is completely safe, painless, and has no side-effects.
Auditory Brainstem Response
This test is suitable for infants or babies under five that cannot be tested with the BERA. Clicks or “tonal pips” will be heard by the baby’s ear through an earphone. Response to the total pip is recordedand provides the basis of assessment regarding the sensitivity of each ear.
Otoacoustic Emissions (OAE)
The OAE is anobjective electrophysiological test that provides a unique way of measuring how well the cochlea function. Sound (‘emission’) is transmitted through a small amplifier and then recorded in order to examine the hair cell function in the cochlea. Test results are automatically classified as “pass” or “refer.” OAE is a simple, non-invasive test and relatively quick to perform thus making it practical and efficient for the Universal Newborn Hearing Screening.
Tympanometry (Acoustic Immittance Testing)
Tympanometry is an examination used to test the condition of the middle earand mobility of the eardrum (tympanic membrane). This test is conducted by creating variations of airpressure in the ear canal while recording how well the eardrumresponds to the change ofthe incoming air pressure. Should the eardrum remain static, there is a probabilityofafluid build-up behind the eardrum or otitis media infection (inflammation of the middle ear caused by a virus or bacterium).
Speech therapy is a form of therapy aimed at helping someone to master the ability to speak well and to allow the person to interact with the social environment with self confidence. Speaking is not simply about speaking words, but a human activity to convey opinions, ideas, and feelings in social life, marked with clear pronunciation, proper diction, and usage of the correct word groups.To facilitate and actualize hearing rehabilitation, Jakarta Hearing Centre provides Speech Therapy services for Children and Adults.